Estos son los 308 unicornios que hay en el mundo

| 29 enero, 2019 | 0 comentarios

Estos son los 308 unicornios que hay en el mundo

Un unicornio es una empresa de capital privado cuya valoración ha superado los 1.000 millones de dólares. Este término se refiere sobre todo a startups, empresas tecnológicas que han conseguido aumentar su valor y proyección en muy poco tiempo. En todo el mundo hay actualmente 308 unicornios, según los datos recopilados por la firma de análisis CB Insights.

La consultora ha elaborado una infografía en la que incluye a todas estas startups milmillonarias ordenadas por categorías. CB Insights ha establecido 13 categorías diferentes para encajarlas, con un apartado específico para otras en las que integra a empresas dedicadas a sectores como el Real Estate, edtech, energías renovables, aeroespacial, etc.

La categoría que cuenta con más unicornios en este momento sería la de Software de Internet y Servicios (24%), seguida del ecommerce (13%) y las fintech (10%). Así la compañía con mayor valoración dentro del primer negocio es Infor (vale 10.000 millones de dólares). Con 29.300 millones de dólares, Airbnb se constituiría como la startup más valorada en el segmento del ecommerce. Por su parte, en el mundo fintech Stripe es la que tiene el mayor caché: 20.000 millones de dólares.

La categoría de On-Demand también está bastante bien surtida. Hay 23 unicornios que acumulan un valor total de 203.000 millones de dólares. Aquí se sitúan compañías como Uber (72.000 millones de dólares) o Didi Chuxing (56.000 millones de dólares).

De las 111 empresas que se convirtieron en unicornios el año pasado, la categoría de Software de Internet y Servicios ha sido la que más representantes ha conseguido, con 39 startups de este ámbito que ingresaron el selecto club. En total, estas empresas emergentes representaron una valoración en conjunto de 63.000 millones de dólares.

Estos son los 308 unicornios que hay en el mundo

Los unicornios más valorados

¿Quién lidera el ranking de unicornios? O lo que es lo mismo, ¿qué startup con una valoración superior a 1.000 millones de dólares vale más? El número 1 lo ostenta la china Bytedance (Toutiao), dueña y señora de TikTok. La empresa mandarina está cifrada en 75.000 millones de dólares desde de que la nipona SoftBank hiciera una inversión en ella en noviembre del año pasado.

El top 5 se completa con dos empresas de transporte privado y colaborativo, Uber (72.000 millones de dólares) y Didi Chuxing (56.000 millones de dólares), la startup de coworkings WeWork (47.000 millones de dólares) y el fabricante de cigarrillos electrónicos JUUL Labs (38.000 millones).

En este momento hay 19 empresas privadas (el 6% de los unicornios totales) que son consideradas decacornios, es decir, con una valoración que sobrepasa los 10.000 millones de dólares. Además, hay aproximadamente una cuarta parte de los unicornios que están justo en el límite para serlo, es decir, en 1.000 millones de dólares.

A nivel geográfico, EE.UU y China son las que más representantes tienen en este selecto ranking. Un 49% de los unicornios son de procedencia estadounidense, un 2% más que en agosto de 2018, fecha del anterior análisis de CB Insights. Por su parte, el país asiático, dispone de un 26% de representantes, mientras hace unos meses contaba con el 30%. El tercer y cuarto lugar son para Reino Unido (6%) e India (4%). Tienen 17 y 13 unicornios, respectivamente.

A continuación, puedes acceder a una lista completa de los 308 unicornios existentes ordenados de manera alfabética. En las dos columnas que aparecen a la derecha puedes ver la valoración de cada uno de ellos y el sector o categoría a la que se dedican.

Empresa Valoración (en

millones de dólares)

Categoría
17zuoye $1,000 Internet Software & Services
23andMe $1,615 Healthcare
4Paradigm $1,200 Internet Software & Services
9f Group $1,000 Fintech
About You $1,000 E-commerce
ACORN OakNorth Holdings $2,300 Fintech
Actifio $1,300 Data Analytics
Adaptive Biotechnologies $1,000 Healthcare
Affirm $1,790 Fintech
Afiniti $1,600 Internet Software & Services
Age of Learning $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Aihuishou $1,500 E-commerce
Aijia Life $1,000 E-commerce
Airbnb $29,252 E-commerce
Airtable $1,100 Internet Software & Services
Allbirds $1,400 E-commerce
AppDirect $1,000 Internet Software & Services
AppLovin $2,000 Internet Software & Services
Apus Group $1,000 Other
Asana $1,500 Internet Software & Services
Atom Bank $1,249 Fintech
Auris Health $1,014 Healthcare
Auto1 Group $3,539 E-commerce
Automation Anywhere $2,600 Internet Software & Services
Automattic $1,242 Internet Software & Services
Avaloq Group $1,008 Fintech
Avant $1,896 Fintech
AvidXchange $1,244 Fintech
BeiBei $1,000 E-commerce
BenevolentAI $2,100 Healthcare
BGL Group $3,000 Fintech
Bird Rides $2,000 Travel Tech
Bitmain Technologies $12,000 Fintech
BlaBlaCar $1,600 On-Demand
Bluehole $5,000 Internet Software & Services
BrewDog $1,240 Other
Brex $1,100 Fintech
Bukalapak $1,000 E-commerce
Butterfly Network $1,250 Healthcare
Buzzfeed $1,895 Media
BYJU’s $4,000 Internet Software & Services
Bytedance $75,000 Media
C3 $1,564 Internet Software & Services
Cabify $1,400 On-Demand
Cambricon $2,500 Hardware
Canva $1,280 Internet Software & Services
CAOCAO $1,600 On-Demand
Carbon $1,504 Hardware
Careem Networks $2,000 On-Demand
Cell C $1,000 Other
Celonis $1,000 Data Analytics
Cgtz $1,413 Fintech
Chehaoduo $6,600 E-commerce
Circle Internet Financial $3,000 Fintech
CloudFlare $1,818 Cybersecurity
Cloudwalk $3,319 Hardware
Clover Health $1,127 Healthcare
Cohesity $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Coinbase $8,000 Fintech
Compass $4,400 Other
Confluent $2,500 Internet Software & Services
Convoy $1,000 On-Demand
Coocaa $1,451 Hardware
Coupang $9,000 E-commerce
Credit Karma $4,000 Fintech
CrowdStrike $3,000 Cybersecurity
CureVac $1,680 Healthcare
Dada-JD Daojia $1,000 On-Demand
Darktrace $1,650 Cybersecurity
Dataminr $1,600 Data Analytics
Deezer $1,160 Internet Software & Services
Deliveroo $2,000 On-Demand
Desktop Metal $1,000 Hardware
Devoted Health $1,800 Healthcare
Didi Chuxing $56,000 On-Demand
Ding Xiang Yuan $1,000 Healthcare
Discord $2,050 Social
DJI Innovations $10,000 Hardware
Docker $1,469 Internet Software & Services
DoorDash $4,000 On-Demand
Douyu $1,507 Internet Software & Services
DT Dream $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Easyhome $5,780 Other
Epic Games $15,000 Other
ESR Cayman $2,800 Other
Face++ $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Fanatics $4,500 E-commerce
Fanli $1,000 E-commerce
FlashEx $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Flexport $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Formlabs $1,065 Hardware
Freshworks $1,500 Internet Software & Services
Gan & Lee Pharmaceuticals $1,626 Healthcare
Geek+ $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Gett $1,400 On-Demand
Ginkgo BioWorks $1,300 Healthcare
GitLab $1,100 Internet Software & Services
Global Fashion Group $1,100 E-commerce
Global Switch $11,084 Hardware
GO-JEK $5,000 On-Demand
GoodRx $2,800 Healthcare
Grab $11,000 On-Demand
GRAIL $2,443 Healthcare
Graphcore $1,700 Hardware
Gusto $2,000 Fintech
HashiCorp $1,900 Internet Software & Services
HeartFlow $1,500 Healthcare
Hello TransTech $5,000 Travel Tech
Hike $1,400 Social
Houzz $3,841 E-commerce
Huike Group $1,000 Internet Software & Services
HuiMin $2,000 On-Demand
HuJiang $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Human Longevity $1,190 Healthcare
iCarbonX $1,000 Healthcare
iFood $1,000 Data Analytics
Illumio $1,002 Cybersecurity
Improbable $2,000 Other
Indigo Agriculture $3,500 Healthcare
Infinidat $1,600 Hardware
Infor $10,000 Internet Software & Services
InMobi $1,000 Internet Software & Services
InsideSales.com $1,697 Data Analytics
Instacart $7,870 On-Demand
Intarcia Therapeutics $3,803 Healthcare
Intercom $1,275 Internet Software & Services
InVision $1,900 Internet Software & Services
ironSource $1,500 Internet Software & Services
iTutorGroup $1,000 Other
JetSmarter $2,325 Travel Tech
JFrog $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Jiuxian $1,047 E-commerce
JOLLY Information Technology $1,000 E-commerce
Jumia Group $1,044 E-commerce
Jusfoun Big Data $1,615 Internet Software & Services
JUUL Labs $38,000 Other
Kabbage $1,000 Fintech
Katerra $3,000 Other
Kendra Scott $1,000 Other
Kik Interactive $1,000 Social
Klarna $2,500 Fintech
Klook $1,000 Travel Tech
Koudai $1,400 E-commerce
Kuaishou $3,000 Social
L&P Cosmetic $1,780 Other
Lakala Payment $1,611 Fintech
LegalZoom $2,000 Internet Software & Services
letgo $1,500 E-commerce
Lianjia $5,769 Internet Software & Services
LifeMiles $1,146 Other
Lime $1,100 Travel Tech
LinkDoc Technology $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Logic Show $1,179 Internet Software & Services
Looker $1,600 Internet Software & Services
Lookout $1,280 Cybersecurity
luckin coffee $2,200 Other
Lyft $15,100 On-Demand
Machine Zone $4,169 Other
Magic Leap $4,984 Hardware
Manbang Group $6,000 Other
Maoyan-Weiying $3,012 E-commerce
MarkLogic $1,046 Data Analytics
Medallia $1,154 Internet Software & Services
MediaMath $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Medlinker $1,000 Social
Meicai $2,800 Other
Meizu Technology $4,580 Hardware
Mia.com $1,000 E-commerce
MindMaze $1,000 Other
MINISO Life $2,184 Other
Mofang Living $1,000 Other
Momenta $1,000 Auto Tech
Monzo $1,274 Fintech
Mu Sigma $1,500 Data Analytics
Netskope $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Nextdoor $1,500 Social
Niantic $4,000 Other
Nubank $4,000 Fintech
NuCom Group $2,200 Other
Nxin $1,078 Internet Software & Services
OfferUp $1,000 E-commerce
Olacabs $5,700 On-Demand
One97 Communications $10,000 Fintech
OpenDoor Labs $2,000 Other
OrCam Technologies $1,013 Other
Oscar Health $3,200 Healthcare
Otto Bock HealthCare $3,520 Healthcare
Outcome Health $5,500 Healthcare
OutSystems $1,000 Internet Software & Services
OVH $1,100 Data Analytics
Oxford Nanopore Technologies $1,550 Healthcare
Oyo Rooms $5,000 E-commerce
PagerDuty $1,300 Internet Software & Services
Palantir Technologies $12,185 Data Analytics
Pat McGrath Labs $1,000 E-commerce
Peloton $4,150 Hardware
Pinterest $10,448 Social
Plaid Technologies $2,650 Fintech
PolicyBazaar $1,000 Fintech
Pony.ai $1,000 Auto Tech
Postmates $1,850 On-Demand
Preferred Networks $2,000 Internet Software & Services
Procore Technologies $3,000 Other
Promasidor Holdings $1,593 Other
Proteus Digital Health $1,326 Healthcare
Quanergy Systems $2,000 Auto Tech
Quora $1,743 Internet Software & Services
Radius Payment Solutions $1,067 Internet Software & Services
Rappi $1,000 On-Demand
reddit $1,625 Social
ReNew Power Ventures $2,286 Other
Revolut $1,700 Fintech
Revolution Precrafted $1,000 Other
Robinhood $5,600 Fintech
Roblox $2,500 Internet Software & Services
Rocket Lab $1,000 Other
Roivant Sciences $7,000 Healthcare
Root Insurance $1,000 Other
Royole Corporation $5,000 Hardware
Rubicon Global Holdings $1,066 Other
Rubrik $3,300 Internet Software & Services
Samsara Networks $3,600 Hardware
Samumed $12,000 Healthcare
Seismic $1,000 Internet Software & Services
SenseTime $4,500 Internet Software & Services
ServiceTitan $1,650 Internet Software & Services
ShopClues $1,100 E-commerce
Slack Technologies $7,100 Internet Software & Services
SmileDirectClub $3,200 Healthcare
SMS Assist $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Snapdeal $7,000 E-commerce
Snowflake Computing $3,950 Internet Software & Services
SoFi $4,498 E-commerce
SouChe Holdings $3,000 Auto Tech
SoundHound $1,000 Media
SoYoung $1,000 Social
SpaceX $18,520 Other
Sprinklr $1,831 Internet Software & Services
Squarespace $1,700 Internet Software & Services
Starry $1,290 Internet Software & Services
Stripe $20,250 Fintech
STX Entertainment $1,500 Media
Supreme $1,000 Other
sweetgreen $1,000 Other
Swiggy $3,300 On-Demand
Symphony Communication Services $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Talkdesk $1,000 Internet Software & Services
TangoMe $1,000 Social
Tanium $6,500 Cybersecurity
Taxify $1,000 On-Demand
TechStyle Fashion Group $1,000 E-commerce
Tempus Labs $2,000 Healthcare
Ten-X $1,200 Internet Software & Services
The Hut Group $3,253 E-commerce
Thumbtack $1,183 E-commerce
Tiger Brokers $1,060 Fintech
Toast $1,400 Other
Tokopedia $7,000 E-commerce
Tongdun Technology $1,000 Cybersecurity
Tradeshift $1,100 Fintech
TransferWise $1,600 Fintech
Traveloka Indonesia $2,000 Travel Tech
Trendy Group International $2,000 Other
TripActions $1,000 Travel Tech
Tuandaiwang $1,460 Fintech
Tuhu $1,164 Auto Tech
TuJia $1,500 E-commerce
Uber $72,000 On-Demand
UBTECH Robotics $5,000 Other
Ucommune $3,000 Other
Udaan $1,000 E-commerce
UiPath $3,000 Internet Software & Services
United Imaging Healthcare $5,000 Healthcare
Unity Technologies $1,835 Other
Uptake Technologies $2,300 Data Analytics
VANCL $3,000 E-commerce
Vice Media $5,700 Media
VIPKID $3,000 Internet Software & Services
VistaJet $2,500 On-Demand
Viva Republica $1,200 Fintech
Vox Media $1,000 Media
WalkMe $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Warby Parker $1,750 E-commerce
We Doctor $5,500 Healthcare
WeWork $47,000 Other
Wish $3,000 E-commerce
Woowa Brothers $2,600 E-commerce
Xiaohongshu $3,000 E-commerce
XiaoZhu $1,000 E-commerce
XPeng Motors $3,654 Auto Tech
Yello Mobile $4,000 Other
YH Global $1,000 Other
Yidian Zixun $1,000 Media
Yijiupi $1,100 E-commerce
YITU Technology $2,365 Internet Software & Services
Yixia $1,000 Social
Youxia Motors $3,350 Auto Tech
Yuanfudao $3,000 Internet Software & Services
Zenefits $2,088 Fintech
Zeta Global $1,300 Internet Software & Services
Zhaogang $1,000 E-commerce
Zhihu $2,500 Internet Software & Services
ZipRecruiter $1,000 Internet Software & Services
ZocDoc $1,769 Healthcare
Zomato $2,000 Social
Zoom Video Communications $1,000 Internet Software & Services
Zoox $3,200 Auto Tech
Zume Pizza $2,250 On-Demand
Alberto Payo

Alberto Payo

Periodista especializado en tecnología y cultura. Co-fundador y responsable editorial de Applicantes. Ex redactor jefe de Itespresso y colaborador de El Mundo (Fcinco), Muy Interesante, Business Insider, BYZness, Merca2 y Dipcom Corporate. Amante de la fotografía, el cine, los comics, los viajes y el buen humor.
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